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Kho Kho Rules – Tips and Tricks on How to Play

Kho Kho is a traditional Indian sport that originated in Maharashtra and has since become popular throughout the country. It is a team sport that requires speed, agility, and strategic thinking. Kho Kho is popular among children and adults alike. It is a team game that requires physical fitness, speed, and agility. In this article, we will explore the rules of Kho Kho, including how to play, the equipment required, and the basic techniques involved.

Amidst numerous modern distractions, nothing beats the joy of traditional games, especially when it comes to engaging kids in wholesome fun. Drawing inspiration from an age-old classic – Kho Kho, a traditional Indian game, offers an invigorating experience that not only fosters teamwork but also keeps kids active and outdoors for extended periods.

Delving into the realm of kho kho unveils a world where skill, strategy, and teamwork all combine perfectly. As players prepare for the kho kho game, understanding and adhering to kho kho rules become very important. In kho kho, players need to master kho kho tips and tricks. The game is not just all speed, but it is all about employing kho kho tips to outmaneuver opponents and execute strategic moves that leave the opposition trailing.

The essence of kho kho lies not only in its historical significance but also in the enduring joy it brings to players of all ages. As the kho kho game unfolds on the field, the application of kho kho tips becomes a skillful dance, a rhythmic interplay of offense and defense.

Kho-Kho Playground

The game is played by two teams, each consisting of 12 players. The game is played on a rectangular court that is approximately 27 meters long and 16 meters wide. The court is divided into two halves, with each team occupying one half. One team is designated as the chaser, while the other team is the runner.

The field has two rectangles, one at each end. The chasing team’s rectangle is known as the ‘pakka’ while the defending team’s rectangle is known as the ‘kaccha.’ The defending team has to avoid getting tagged while staying within the boundaries of their rectangle. Once a player is tagged, they have to leave the field, and the team has to continue with one player less.

Kho Kho History

Kho Kho, a traditional Indian sport, boasts a rich history that intertwines cultural heritage with physical prowess. The origins of Kho Kho can be traced back to ancient India, where it evolved as a popular pastime that showcased agility, speed, and teamwork.

The roots of Kho Kho can be found in ancient scriptures, where references to similar running and tagging games can be identified. The game, in its early forms, was likely an informal activity enjoyed by people in various regions of the Indian subcontinent.

Over time, Kho Kho took on regional variations and distinctive rules based on the cultural nuances of different communities. It became not only a source of physical exercise but also a social activity, fostering bonds within communities.

Kho Kho evolved beyond recreational play and found its place in competitive leagues. National and international federations were established, and the sport gained representation in major multi-sport events. This global recognition positioned Kho Kho as a cultural ambassador for India.

Beyond its athletic aspects, Kho Kho holds immense cultural significance. It embodies values of teamwork, strategy, and quick thinking. The game reflects the communal spirit ingrained in Indian society, making it not just a sport but a cultural phenomenon.

How to Play Kho Kho

Kho Kho, a traditional Indian sport, is a dynamic game that involves speed, agility, and strategic teamwork. Played between two teams, it’s not just a physical activity but a celebration of coordination and quick thinking. Here’s a comprehensive guide on how to play Kho Kho:

Team Formation

Kho Kho is typically played between two teams, each consisting of twelve players. Before the game begins, the players of each team sit in a row, alternating between sitters and chasers. The sitting order is crucial for a fair game.

Chasing and Evading

The game involves two rounds where each team gets a chance to be the chasers and evaders. The chasers aim to tag the players of the opposing team, who try to evade being tagged. The team that completes tagging all the opponents in the shortest time wins the round.

Dodging and Skillful Moves

As a player, your primary objective is to avoid being tagged by the chasers. You can achieve this through swift dodges, sudden changes in direction, and agile movements. The game rewards players with exceptional speed and strategic evasion.

Limitations and Strategies

The evading team has a limited time to avoid being tagged. The chasers must work together to create openings and tag as many opponents as possible within the stipulated time. Effective communication and coordination are vital for both teams.

Switching Roles

After the first round, the roles reverse. The players who were evaders become the chasers, and vice versa. This ensures that each team has an equal opportunity to showcase their skills in both aspects of the game.

Winning the Game

The team that successfully tags all the opponents in the shortest combined time from both rounds emerges as the winner. Points are scored based on the time taken for tagging, and the team with the higher score takes the game.

Kho Kho Tips and Tricks

Uncover the secrets to success in kho kho with essential tips and tricks. Whether you’re a novice or seasoned player, these insights will aid in refining your skills, ensuring an entertaining and competitive game every time.

Stay Focused and Alert

Kho Kho is an extremely fast-paced game and hence, it is very important to remain alert and always observe your opponents at all times. Quick reactions are paramount. 

Practice Your Moves

It is essential to regularly practice Kho Kho’s and be well-versed with all the essential moves, like dodging and sprinting. This will enhance your speed and agility.

Teamwork is Crucial

Since, Kho Kho is a team sport, hence, communication and coordination with your teammates are essential for success.Employ strategic thinking: Beyond physical skills, strategic planning is also key in Kho Kho. Hence, it is important to observe your opponents’ moves and weaknesses to gain an advantage.

Kho Kho Game Rules

Team Composition

Kho Kho is played between two teams, each consisting of 12 players. However, only 9 players from each team are allowed on the field during a match.

Field Setup

The kho kho playing field is rectangular, with dimensions typically ranging from 29 meters to 16 meters. The rectangular field is divided into two squares at each end, and in the center, there is a cross lane of 23 meters.

Chasing and Evading

The primary objective of kho kho is for the ‘chasers’ to tag the members of the opposing team, known as ‘runners,’ while they attempt to avoid being tagged. The chasers, in pursuit of the runners, are required to touch them with their hands to tag them.

Innings and Turns

Each kho kho match consists of two innings, with each team getting a chance to chase and defend. During an inning, a team’s defensive players (chasers and runners) aim to tag the runners of the opposing team as quickly as possible.

Out and Revival

A runner is declared ‘out’ when tagged by a chaser or if they cross the limit of the rectangular field. Once out, a runner leaves the field, and the chasing team continues their pursuit. However, a team can revive an ‘out’ player during the inning by getting one of the opponents out. The revived player resumes the game from the central lane.

Objective Of the Game

The objective of Kho Kho is for the chasing team to tag all the players of the opposing team in the shortest time possible, while the defending team tries to prevent them from doing so. The chaser can only move along the perimeter of the court, while the runners can move anywhere within their half of the court. The runners must try to avoid getting tagged by the chaser and can do so by crossing over to the other half of the court and touching any of their teammates.

Team Composition

A game of Kho Kho is played between two teams, with each team comprising of 12 players. Out of these 12 players, 9 players are on the field while the other 3 are kept as reserve players. The game starts with one team playing as the chasers while the other team plays as the defenders.


The game is divided into two halves, with each half lasting for 7 minutes. The teams swap roles at halftime. The chasing team tries to tag the defenders as quickly as possible, and the defending team tries to evade the chasers for as long as possible.

The game begins when the chaser calls out “Kho!” and starts chasing the defenders. The defenders, in turn, run around the field in random directions to avoid getting tagged. The chaser has to tag the defender with his or her hands while shouting “Kho!” before the defender can touch any part of the field outside the rectangle.


The only equipment required to play Kho Kho is a rectangular field marked with lines, a stopwatch, and comfortable clothing that allows for free movement. The game is usually played on a grass field, but it can also be played on a hard surface, such as a basketball court or a concrete playground.


Kho Kho requires players to be quick on their feet, agile, and able to change directions quickly. The chasing team must be able to tag the defenders while avoiding getting trapped in a pincer movement. The defending team, on the other hand, must use their speed and agility to evade the chasers and stay within the boundaries of their rectangle.

One of the most important techniques in Kho Kho is the ‘knee jump,’ which involves jumping and changing direction mid-air. This technique allows players to evade the chaser and quickly change direction, making it difficult for the chaser to tag them. Another important technique is the ‘slide,’ which involves sliding on the ground to avoid getting tagged.


In conclusion, Kho Kho is a traditional Indian sport. It requires teamwork, coordination, and strategic thinking. It is played at both amateur and professional levels, with many schools and colleges in India including it in their sports curriculum It is a fun, fast-paced game that requires speed, agility, and strategic thinking. By following the rules of Kho Kho and practicing the basic techniques involved, anyone can enjoy this exciting game. So, gather your friends and family and get ready to play Kho Kho

Frequently Asked Questions about Kho Kho Game

How is Kho Kho Played?

Kho Kho is played on a rectangular field with poles at both ends. The game consists of chasing and defending rounds, with players utilizing speed, agility, and strategic teamwork. The team that tags all the opponents in the shortest time or defends successfully wins the game.

What are the Basic Rules of Kho Kho?

The basic rules of Kho Kho involve a set playing area, designated chasers and defenders, and specific movements and strategies. Teams take turns in chasing and defending, and the game follows a systematic tagging process.

How Many Players are There in a Kho Kho Team?

A standard Kho Kho team comprises twelve players, with nine players on the field during a match. The remaining three players sit in a row behind the poles, and they take turns entering the playing area as defenders.

Is Kho Kho a Competitive Sport?

Yes, Kho Kho is recognized as a competitive sport with organized leagues, tournaments, and national championships. It has gained popularity not only in India but also internationally, with teams participating in competitive events to showcase their skills in this traditional Indian game.

Is Kho Kho played professionally?

While Kho Kho is deeply embedded in Indian culture and is widely played at the school and college levels, there is a growing effort to promote the sport professionally.

Are there Specific Positions in Kho Kho?

Yes, there are two main positions in Kho Kho: chasers and runners. Chasers aim to tag the opposing team’s runners, while runners try to evade being tagged.

How is Scoring Done in Kho Kho?

Kho Kho doesn’t have a conventional scoring system like many other sports. The primary objective is for the chasing team to tag as many runners as possible within a stipulated time.

Can a Runner Return to the Game After Being Tagged?

No, once a runner is tagged by a chaser or crosses the field limit, they are considered ‘out’ for that inning. However, the team can revive an out player by getting one of the opponents out.

What is the Duration of a Kho Kho Match?

The duration of a Kho Kho match varies, but each innings typically has a time limit. The team with the most successful tags or ‘outs’ within this time wins the innings.

Are There International Kho Kho Competitions?

Yes, Kho Kho has gained international recognition, and there are international competitions held between different countries. These events provide a platform for players to showcase their skills on a global stage.



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